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Staying Cool and Safe

Friday, June 7th, 2019

During very hot and humid weather, your body has a harder time cooling. When the body heats up too quickly to properly cool itself – or when too much fluid/salt is lost through sweating or dehydration – the victim may suffer heat exhaustion or heat stroke.

Preventing Heat Stroke

    • Never leave kids, pets, or disabled adults alone in parked cars
    • Slow down! Reduce, cancel or reschedule strenuous activities until the coolest time of the day
    • Even if you don’t feel thirsty, proactively bring and drink plenty of water (not very cold) or other non-alcoholic, decaffeinated fluids
    • Prevent sunburn through sunscreen, sunhats, and minimizing direct exposure to the sun; a sunburn raises your body temperature and reduces your body’s ability to cool down
    • Dress in lightweight, loose-fitting, light-colored clothing to reflect heat and sunlight
    • Eat light, cool, easy-to-digest foods such as fruit/salad
    • Take a cool bath or shower
    • Spend time in air-conditioned locations

Heat Stroke Symptoms

  • One or more of these symptoms: dizziness, throbbing headache, nausea, shallow breathing
  • Altered mental state or confusion
  • Rapid and strong pulse
  • Hot, red, dry, or moist skin
  • Fainting or loss of consciousness
  • Body temperature 103°F or greater

First Aid for Heat Stroke

  • Heat stroke is a severe medical emergency! Call 9-1-1 or get the victim to a hospital immediately 
  • Get to a cooler setting, preferably air-conditioned
  • Reduce body temperature with cool cloths or a bath
  • Use a fan IF the heat index is below the high-90s